In the 17th century the English physician and writer Sir Thomas Browne wrote a short tract upon the interpretation of dreams. Dream interpretation was taken up as part of psychoanalysis at the end of the 19th century; the perceived, manifest content of a dream is analyzed to reveal its latent meaning to the psyche of the dreamer. One of the seminal works on the subject is The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud .
We’re strong believers in the old adage: ‘practice makes perfect’. New American Inside Out emphasises output, particularly speaking, and there are a huge number of tasks that are designed to develop fluency. One of our main objectives is to ensure that the language our students spend time rehearsing in the classroom is transferable to the real world.
While the hippocampus likely plays a role in the emotional component of memories ( one of my papers shows hippocampal representations of events are influenced by the emotional valence of the event), emotion can be found all over the brain. From the executive functioning, prefrontal cortical regions down to the amygdala , one of the oldest brain structures responsible for emotions. No matter where exactly specific emotions are regulated, the entire limbic system plays a vital role in them and in-particular attributing emotions to memories. Recent work out of MIT has shown it is possible to modulate the emotional context of a memory in mice by stimulating specific neurons in the hippocampus and amygdala. Researchers were first able to add a fear component to a once emotionless episodic memory of an environment. Recently the same group was able to reactive positive memories and decrease depression like behaviors. During Inside Out, if a Memory character touched a memory, the memory would take on that emotional context. This happened over and over with Sadness touching memories of Joy and “ruining” them. These seems to provide more evidence that Headquarters was more of the limbic system rather than consciousness.
In that first carefree summer of 2014, following my graduation from Williams College with an English degree, my days all ended the same way: fending off mosquitos, dripping sweat and chasing a faraway vision in the fading light of the early evening. My new home was North Conway, a small tourist town in northern New Hampshire where the golf course was long on scenery if short on maintenance budget. The fairways and greens had only spotty grass, decimated by an icy winter and a late thaw, but no matter—my game was equally unpolished. I spent the mornings working on small projects as a caretaker of my cousins' house, and in the afternoons I'd head to the course, searching for my future in the dirt.
Later that night, while Riley is sleeping, Joy, Sadness, and Bing Bong arrive at the loading dock for the Train of Thought, only to realize the train does not run during nighttime. In an attempt to jump-start the train, the three infiltrate " Dream Productions ", where Riley's dreams and nightmares are created. Onstage, they infiltrate a monstrous birthday clown named Jangles , who scares Riley and wakes her up. As Joy, Sadness, and Bing Bong board the Train of Thought and make their way towards Headquarters, Anger enacts his plan of running away. Riley is led to steal her mother's credit card, which causes Honesty Island to crumble, destroying the Train of Thought in the process. Joy, Sadness and Bing Bong take refuge on Family Island only for the island to begin to fall in pieces when Riley boards a waiting bus to Minnesota. Then, after a failed attempt to hitch a ride to Headquarters through an exposed memory recall tube, Joy and Bing Bong fall into the dump, leaving Sadness on her own.
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This second dream of Sally’s is a shrewd summing up of Terry’s sexual fears. In fact Terry suffered a great deal of anxiety about sex, and later uncovered the sort of fear and desire to avoid giving his mother satisfaction in becoming a full blooded man shown in the dream. Our unconscious is a very capable psychologist, and while Terry in Sally’s dream represents her insights regarding him – and must not be seen as a statement of fact about Terry. Nevertheless, such insight are often enormously useful in dealing with relationship difficulties.
A year later, at the age of 12, Riley has adapted to her new home, made new friends, returned to her old hobbies, and adopted a few new ones, fueled by new, more nuanced core memories from combinations of her emotions. Inside the Headquarters, her emotions all work together on a newly expanded console with room for them all, allowing Riley to lead a more emotionally complex life.